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Wildflower-rich meadows (mown grassland) and pastures (unimproved grassland, used for grazing) provide one of the greatest floral spectacles in Europe.

In many places, the meadows are still mown by scythe, and they remain a major source of hay. Apart from many species of grass, Romania’s wildflowers include numerous vetches, knapweeds and daisies, and several orchids.

This huge array supports huge numbers of insects and other invertebrates, birds and mammals.  Plants and animals form part of an extraordinary ecological system. 

Romania has some of the greatest varieties of butterflies and moths in Europe: there are at least 4000 species.  It’s the butterflies in particular that matter: they can live in any natural habitat, and their presence is an important indicator of the environment’s health.

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