Beginning from the 19th century new varieties of grape such as Sauvignon, Pinot gris, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Muscat Ottonel, were added to the native ones because of philoxera, the vine disease that spread all over the country. Romanian white wines are dominated by three varieties, two of them natives and one foreign: Feteasca alba, Feteasca regala and Italian Riesling. In terms of red wines, Romanian vineyards grow a lot of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot varieties.From one end to another, Romania is a real kingdom of Bacchus. In Moldavia there are the vineyards of Cotnari. They specialize largely in native varieties like Tamaioasa Romaneasca, Francusa and Feteasca alba. In the very heart of Moldavia, extending over seven hills, lies Iaşi, the old capital of the Voivodes (the princes), and a symbolic city of Romanian culture. Surrounding this are the vineyards of Copou and Bucium, producing wines like Aligote, Riesling and Muscat Ottonel. To the south, near the Prut river, lies the famous vineyard of Husi, producing Busuioaca de Bohotin, which has a very delicate flavour. The vineyards of Nicoresti and Panciu produce Babeasca and Panciu, and the vineyard of Odobesti bottles Galbena de Odobesti. Wallachia has vineyards at Dealu Mare, Valea Calugareasca, Pietroasele, Stefanesti, Dragasani and Segarcea, all of them making excellent red wines. For centuries, the vineyards of Transylvania and Banat have provided wines for the imperial Viennese court. From Teremia, Recas, Minis and Silvania came varieties with names as rich as they tasted: Majarca, Creata, Steinschiller (these are native varieties of white wines), Traminer roz, Feteasca alba, Feteasca regala, Savignon, Pinot gris and Muscat Ottonel.