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  • GYPSY GROUPS
  • Caldararii (caldare = pail) - boiler makers, coppersmiths;
  • Carausii (caraus = carter) - they used to transport a variety of goods, now they are drivers or furniture movers;
  • Cocalarii (Kokala means bone in Greek) - they make different objects using bones (bone sculptures), some of them are workers in abattoirs, scavengers, flayers, but also thieves or beggars;
  • Gabori - they live especially in Transylvania, they used to be horse thieves, now they are traders;
  • Gropari - grave diggers, workers in agriculture and traders;
  • Lautari - musicians; now they are artists, actors, musicians - they are considered the Roma elite;
  • Fierari - blacksmiths; today they are iron workers, mechanics;
  • Rotari - they also do the metalwork but specialise in making cart wheels;
  • Rudari - they work in wood, or as forest rangers, they are artisans in wood;
  • Selari - strap makers, leather cutters, belt makers;
  • Sobari - chimney sweepers and stove fitters;
  • Turcaleti - Muslims, they speak a combination of Romanes and Turkish language; former slaves of the Turks they have nowadays different occupations like traders, metal workers, and thieves;
  • Ursari - Gypsies who travel with their bears and make them dance to the tune of the fiddles, concertinas and bells; jugglers and magicians;
  • Zidari – masons and brick layers;
  • Zlatari (zlata means gold in Slavonic) - or Aurari (aur means gold in Romanian) - jewellers in gold and silver, gold traders, thieves;
  • Florari - florists;
  • Cositori/Spoitori - tinsmiths;
  • Cortorari (cort means tent in Romanian) - these used to be the nomad Gypsies; now in Romania only 2% of the Gypsy population is nomad;
  • Vatrasii - these are the sedentary Gypsies who lost their traditional occupations, their way of life, their language - their ethnic identity.